History of Paraguay Contra its Falsifiers: Prelude

History of Paraguay Contra its Falsifiers: Prelude

When Atilio Eugenio García Mellid (1901-1972) published his legendary opus «Proceso a los Falsificadores de la Historia del Paraguay» in two volumes (1963), he used a quotation written by Gen. Bartolomé Mitre as his opening. I’ll add that same quote here, with my rough translation:

«If patriotism in history is the deal, we understand it as all the people who, in good faith and free spirit, look into her truths without flattering their own or others’ worries nor increasing international hatred, and they write it with frankness and without fear, no matter if that favours or not his own country, because the principle of conservation of nations which inspires itself in the past, looks for lessons and rules of conduct for the present and the future inside the truth, and not the sterile satisfaction of vainglory». [1]

Just like García Mellid, who is going to be our main source throughout this series, we start in «El Parlante» this long project with that quotation from Bartolomé Mitre, the main architect of the destruction of Old Paraguay.

Our endeavor is a patriotic endeavor, mainly because we want truth to be told to other nations which maybe, even today, are misled by the machinations, the ideological pettyness, the liberal and revolutionary propaganda, the legacy media and its misinformation, the financial elites and their interests, etcetera.

And what is this «truth» we want to share? Put simply: how the most splendid historical experience of the XIX Century in what we know today as «Latin America» was sacrificed, obliterated and later falsified on behalf of liberalism and the false song of financial internationalism. That «unique historical experience» was Paraguay in 1810-1870, the only ideal and working project of a «Res Publica Christiana» in that century.

Once members, in a full sense, of the glorious civilizational force known as the Spanish Empire, hispanic nations were gradually cercenated by the intelectual inheritors of the «philosóphes» and their submissive stance towards the globalist and neo-mercantilist forces of the ancient enemies of that same Spanish Empire. In many cases, the «independence» of hispanic countries was nothing more than changing from one domination to another, that is, from the generally wise, fair and Catholic monarchs in Madrid, to the iron chains of the financial and global elites with their cosmopolite «fake culture» and anti-national agenda. The Heroic Tragedy of the Republic of Paraguay in that heinous «War of the Triple Alliance», mostly known in the anglosphere as «Paraguayan War» (1864-1870) was the climactic moment of the process taking place in Hispanic America.

Indeed, the «War of the Triple Alliance against Paraguay», in a more philosophical perspective, can be summed up as the inevitable struggle-til-death between the revolutionary liberals and progressivists represented in the doctrinnaires of Buenos Aires and Río de Janeiro against the last champion of the Hispanic and Catholic traditions represented in Paraguay. The thing was very clear from the beginning in that crazy XIX Century, only that the Paraguayan voice was nullified, muted-by-force, silenced by tonnes and tonnes of defamation, calumnies and propaganda so nobody outside Paraguay itself may have a clear idea of what actually happened in that infamous yet, even today, pretty much unknown conflict. This fact is so remarkable that even today, not a single historian from the anglo-saxon world have ever, ever, 150 years after the conflict, even attempted to present the Paraguayan perspective of this cataclysmic event (despite it being the largest and most destructive international warfare in the whole Americas), limiting themselves to the «wash-rinse-repeat» reproductions and rehashing of the same story told by the same doctrinnaires.

That’s why this English version written by a Paraguayan from a Paraguayan perspective, at last, takes place as a mandatory necessity. By the way, please excuse me if you find some style or editing errors… I know English but it ain’t my native language and I think this is the first time something like this is being done in my country…

The main problem was already presented. Liberalism versus Tradition. For Catholics, there is no major issue around it: «Liberalism is Sin» claims a famous work published in 1884 by popular Spaniard priest Msr. Félix Sardá y Salvany. In case something else is needed, the Holy Father Pope Leo XIII, following the Sacred Magisterium, reminded all faithful in the world that:

«But many there are who follow in the footsteps of Lucifer, and adopt as their own his rebellious cry, «I will not serve»; and consequently substitute for true liberty what is sheer and most foolish license. Such, for instance, are the men belonging to that widely spread and powerful organization, who, usurping the name of liberty, style themselves liberals… «. [2]

These liberals are what Atilio García Mellid dubbed the «Falsificadores de la Historia del Paraguay» (falsifiers of Paraguayan History). They are the same people who imposed on Hispanic America its petty divisions, who eagerly worked for the destruction of all traditions, norms and national identities created and preserved by that Spanish Empire they hated so much (they also invented the «Black Legend» for Spain, and Paraguay, the most loyal son of the Catholic Monarchs, inherited that «curse»).

As García Mellid states:

«The War against Paraguay (1864-1870), moved by a foreign ideology under service of mercantilist interests, was also the war against the natural tendencies of the former provinces (in Argentina), the convenience of nations and our federalist tradition. The Flag of Oppression that was imposed on Paraguay (by the liberal doctrinnaires) was the same flag that toured around the dramatic scenario of the Argentine Provinces and the «Banda Oriental» of Uruguay. Everywhere, their objective was the same: to subjugate nations through neo-revolutionary terror, excluding them from their elemental rights and giving away, for the exploitation of the «liberal economy», our lands, our wealth and our potential of development». [3]

Fragment of the painting "Battle of Avay" (1868) by brazilian Pedro Américo. Wikimedia Commons.
Fragment of the painting «Battle of Avay» (1868) by brazilian Pedro Américo. Wikimedia Commons.

The same mechanisms were employed over and over again to present the History of Independent Paraguay as something wicked and unworthy for the civilized world. The «Supreme Rulers» of that nation, fighting with all their strength to prevent the evil of liberalism from entering their country, were unequivocally presented as «malevolent tyrants». Nothing different from what happens nowadays: either you submit to the progressivist ideals or you become labelled as a «neo-nazi» or something similar. ¡Nihil novum sub sole! This is, pretty much, the anglo-saxon and liberal historiography of Paraguay: maniac despots who bathed with the blood of their victims, who were so evil and obscure that only Adolf Hitler is worthy of their wickedness. Simply read Nigel Cawthorne’s «Tyrants» and you’ll get the idea. [4] And mind you, he is from the very same country that hails Oliver Cromwell (1599-1658) as a great political leader and military genius for his bloody liberal-parlamentarian revolution where he ordered the regicide of Charles I of England and later ruled as «Lord Protector», that is, a Real Tyrant especially for Ireland, where he caused, directly or indirectly, a full-fledged genocide with no less that 600.000 fatal victims in his hands. [5]

Surely, all nations are to be respected when they choose their political heroes. And Cromwell was, indeed, a brilliant and ruthless miltary commander as much as a genocidal tyrant. If England (or at least «whig» England) wants to hail him as one of its greatest heroes, that’s not the business of the rest of the world. But Paraguayans demand the same respect for their national heroes, especially when these don’t have, beyond minor subtleties here and there (which we don’t ignore), any of the «Dark Sides» of someone like Cromwell. And yes, the «Lord Protector» is being used here as a single example of the «liberal historiographical hypocrisy», but of course, we could mention more and more cases in the anglo-sphere (USA comes to my mind, but for the moment, we may ignore them).

A lot of lies and misconceptions, for more than 150 years, have been propelled. A huge task, largely greater than the forces of a single individual, is to dismantle them. But sometimes, the most difficult thing is «the beginning» itself. Other minds (far greater than mine) started this endeavor decades and even centuries ago, in Spanish and Paraguayan Guaraní. Now its time to translate their knowledge into english.

In the bitter and turbulent waters of liberalism, all their fake heroes and doctrinnaires are revered while, with malevolent and anti-historical rhetoric, all non-liberal figures treated as barbarians and despots. That’s the case of Marshal President Don Francisco Solano López Carrillo, vilified and calumniated as no other figure in Latin American History by far, but who probably is, in the words of the aforementioned Argentine historian García Mellid: «the most complete and thorough hero of the XIX Century».

This series is destined to destroy the historical falsification of the Paraguayan History. Liberals wrote that history the way it suited better to their own interests in order to save their faces and avoid all responsabilities, as usual with their malarkey. Another honest Argentine, Juan Bautista Alberdi (1810-1884) wrote: «The Americas (the whole continent) know nothing about the History of Paraguay, but only what was told by its rivals. The silence of isolation left the vilification to become triumphant». [6] Very humbly, that «silence of isolation» is what I will attempt to break so maybe, just maybe, some of the blatant lies about Paraguay might be finally demolished.

Because Paraguay is not just that weird nation landlocked between the now-big countries Brazil and Argentina. Paraguay is not just that über-traditionalist country that became the «craddle of the Conquista Española in the River Plate», where the Spanish and Guaraní coexisted and merged together creating a new people who cherishes both traditions and both languages as equals in status. Is not just that isolated province of the Spanish Empire that was once known as the legendary «Jesuit Kingdom», both lambasted and hailed by different authors, from the vile and furious liberal Voltaire to the wise and eccentric catholic Count Joseph de Maistre.

Paraguay was the protector of Hispanic Traditions at the outbreak of the Independences in Latin America. When the liberal revolutions were sweeping the old provinces of the Spanish Empire, Paraguay held on its own heritage proclaiming the «First Republic» in the South, not based in liberal and enlightened values, but in the «Res Publica Christiana» that was long established by the Catholic and Habsburg Kings in Madrid. Before no one else, the «Paraguayan Tyrants» as they are known with such great injustice, worked for and proposed a «Confederation» of all the independent provinces of the River Plate, noble ideal that was prevented by the liberal sectarians known as «porteños» in Buenos Aires. [7] When differences were irreconciliable, Paraguay isolated itself to preserve its system from the bloodshed, revolution and chaos unleashed by the doctrinnaires.

Paraguay is the symbol of the defence á outrance of the hispanic and native values of the Americas, even to the point of martyrdom, refusing to capitulate against the retrograde and luciferian cabal of the liberal and globalist elites, choosing almost total annihilation instead of surrendering its identity, traditions and catholic-christian values. As aforementioned, the «Paraguayan War» was the climax of this eternal conflict in the theatre known as the River Plate Basin.

The Freedom and The Independence of the whole Latin America were killed in the Battle of Cerro Cora. But also, something greater was being forged in that glorious tragedy: the idea of a «reconquista», the idea of a different Hispanic America, master of its own destiny, awaiting for its moment of reckoning and restoration. In the words of García Mellid:

«(In Cerro Cora) dwells the symbol and the myth, the telluric force and the heroic willpower thanks to the sacrifice of a people who sank itself into the realms of death in order to be reborn at the highest hilltops of life… That’s the mystery surrounding the Jungles of Paraguay, in its millenary forests, in the primitive purity of its native Guaraní soul, in the grandiose and perennial dream of the Spaniard Conquistador and the Paraguayan people…».

This is the prelude and these are my intentions as I start publishing this whole work, which I dedicate to the beloved memory of all Paraguayan Heroes, and most especially for Don Francisco Solano López Carrillo (1824-1870), to whom I express my highest admiration and to whom I present these humble writings with the deepest feelings of my heart. So help me, Lord Jesus Christ.

AMDG. Asunción del Paraguay. February 2021 A.D.


[1] Mitre, Bartolomé (1882): «Nuevas Comprobaciones Históricas a propósito de Historia Argentina», page 206. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Casavalle Editor, Imprenta y Librería de Mayo.

[2] His Holiness Pope Leo XIII: «Libertas: Encyclical on the Nature of Human Liberty», English version, paragraph 14. Given at St. Peter’s Basilica, Rome, June 20th 1888.

[3] García Mellid, Atilio (1963): «Proceso a los Falsificadores de la Historia del Paraguay», volume I, pages 13-14. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Ediciones Theoria.

[4] Cawthorne, Nigel (2005): «Tyrants: History’s 100 Most Evil Despots and Dictators», pages 100-102 and 117-121. London, Britain: Arcturus Publishing.

[5] St. John Parker, Michael (1993): “The Civil War 1642-51”, pages 2-31. London, Britain: Pavilion Books.

[6] Alberdi, Juan Bautista (1919): «El Imperio del Brasil ante la Democracia de América», page 83. Asunción, Paraguay: El Diario Edición Especial.

[7] García Mellid (1963) op.cit. volume I, pages 17-18.

Emilio Urdapilleta